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Keeping Turkeys on a Southern African Homestead:

Photo by Kranthi Remala: https://www.pexels.com/photo/two-black-turkeys-1078781/

Keeping Turkeys

Raising turkeys on a Southern African homestead requires careful planning and attention to various aspects of their care:

  1. Habitat and Shelter: Building a suitable habitat is the first step. A well-constructed turkey coop with proper ventilation, insulation, and sturdy fencing is crucial. The coop should protect the turkeys from extreme weather conditions, especially during hot summers and occasional cold nights. Ensuring ample space inside the coop allows the turkeys to move freely and prevents overcrowding.
  2. Feeding and Nutrition: Turkeys are omnivores, and their diet must be nutritionally balanced. Providing them with commercially available turkey feed, supplemented with grains, seeds, and fresh vegetables, ensures they receive essential nutrients for growth and health. It’s beneficial to offer a mix of whole grains for enrichment and to encourage natural foraging behaviors.
  3. Water Supply: Access to clean and fresh water is vital for turkeys. Providing a steady supply of water is crucial, especially during hot weather, as dehydration can lead to health issues.
  4. Healthcare and Hygiene: Regular health checks are essential to monitor the turkeys’ well-being and identify any signs of illness. Establishing a relationship with a qualified veterinarian who has experience with poultry is advisable. Maintaining cleanliness in the coop, regularly removing droppings, and practicing biosecurity measures help prevent the spread of diseases.
  5. Social Structure: Turkeys are social animals, and providing a group environment is ideal. However, it’s essential to monitor the flock dynamics to prevent aggressive behavior and ensure the well-being of all turkeys.
  6. Breeding and Reproduction: If breeding turkeys is part of the homestead’s goal, understanding the breeding season, incubation, and chick care is crucial. Turkey eggs require specific incubation conditions and attention during hatching.

Benefits of Keeping Turkeys

  1. Food Source: Turkeys provide a sustainable and renewable source of high-quality meat. They are efficient converters of feed to meat, making them a valuable addition to the homestead’s protein production.
  2. Eggs and Poults: Certain turkey breeds lay eggs that are not only nutritious but also larger than chicken eggs. Hatching turkey poults (baby turkeys) on the homestead allows for self-reliance in poultry production.
  3. Pest Control and Gardening: Turkeys are excellent foragers and can help control insect populations in the garden. Their droppings, when used as fertilizer, enrich the soil and enhance crop yields.
  4. Sustainable Waste Management: Utilizing turkey manure as natural fertilizer reduces waste and promotes a more environmentally friendly approach to agriculture.
  5. Learning and Skill Development: Raising turkeys fosters responsibility and provides valuable hands-on learning experiences in animal husbandry, health care, and sustainable agriculture practices.

In conclusion, keeping turkeys on a Southern African homestead requires dedication, knowledge, and a passion for sustainable farming. When cared for properly, turkeys contribute to food security, garden productivity, and overall self-sufficiency, making them a valuable asset to the homestead’s ecosystem.


Photo by Monstera: https://www.pexels.com/photo/turkey-roasted-with-potatoes-and-lemon-5876662/

Here are two delicious turkey recipes that can be cooked in a solar cooker:

Solar Roast Turkey with Herbs:


  • 3 kg whole turkey
  • 50g butter, softened
  • 2 tablespoons chopped fresh herbs (rosemary, thyme, sage)
  • 4 garlic cloves, minced
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • 1 lemon, halved
  • 1 onion, quartered


  1. Preheat your solar cooker by aligning it with the sun.
  2. In a bowl, mix the softened butter, chopped fresh herbs, minced garlic, salt, and pepper to create the herb butter.
  3. Carefully lift the turkey skin and spread the herb butter underneath, covering the breast and legs.
  4. Stuff the turkey cavity with the halved lemon and quartered onion.
  5. Place the seasoned turkey in a roasting bag or large heat-resistant oven bag.
  6. Securely tie the bag and place the turkey inside the preheated solar cooker.
  7. Cook the turkey in the solar cooker for 4-5 hours, rotating it occasionally to ensure even cooking.
  8. Use a meat thermometer to check if the thickest part of the thigh reaches an internal temperature of 75°C (165°F).
  9. Let the turkey rest for 30 minutes before carving and serving.

Solar Turkey and Vegetable Stew:


  • 1 kg turkey meat, cut into pieces
  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 2 carrots, peeled and sliced
  • 2 potatoes, peeled and diced
  • 2 tomatoes, diced
  • 1 cup chicken broth
  • 1 teaspoon dried thyme
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. Preheat your solar cooker by aligning it with the sun.
  2. In a large pot or solar oven-safe dish, heat the vegetable oil.
  3. Sauté the chopped onion and minced garlic until they become fragrant and slightly golden.
  4. Add the turkey pieces and brown them on all sides.
  5. Stir in the sliced carrots, diced potatoes, and tomatoes.
  6. Pour in the chicken broth and add the dried thyme, salt, and pepper.
  7. Cover the pot or dish and place it inside the preheated solar cooker.
  8. Let the stew cook in the solar cooker for 3-4 hours, stirring occasionally to ensure even cooking.
  9. Once the turkey and vegetables are tender, the stew is ready to serve.

Enjoy these solar-cooked turkey recipes, which not only offer delicious meals but also utilize the power of the sun, making them a sustainable and energy-efficient cooking option for your homestead.

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